Usually when purchasing your DSLR it will already come with an interchangeable lens and while this can be enough to get started, you may decide that you want to take more intricate shots and therefore purchase some more.
This can be a daunting task because lenses are generally expensive and they are very specific, this means that you can purchase the right lens for landscape photography but it may not yield the best results for close-up or best camera for food photography.
Understanding lenses is vital to progressing your photography and if you want to turn it into a
business then you will need multiple lenses to suit your purpose.
The lens is a vital piece of composition because it helps to control what you are getting on your screen and capturing the essence of what you want and lenses contain the sensor which controls the amount of light and exposure a photo gets so you don’t want to get it wrong.
Specialist lenses can be categorized (generally) by function or focal range which helps in determining what you need and they are:
Also known as normal lenses, these are the options that usually come with your DSLR when you purchase it although there are varying strengths and some that have faster apertures as well as improved optics.
A standard lens is one that closely resembles what the eye sees the most and therefore it is an excellent start point to grasp taking images.
One of the best parts about normal lenses is that they can be used for a variety of different type of photography effectively such as landscapes and portraits. Standard lenses also tend to allow you to capture photos in lower light because they have faster apertures.
You may have heard of this common type of lens as it is the best option for close-up photography. This specialist lens can also create sharp images of a subject that makes it a favorite of nature photography trying to capture, plants and bugs that are usually indistinct in detail in normal images.
Unfortunately, because of the limited depth of field for macro lenses you will often find that they can only translate the high quality’ and sharpness in a small portion of the photo and the rest is very out of focus.
Although uncommon, these are simplistic lenses that have no zoom function. They are used primarily for indoor photography or dealing with low light situations because they have larger than normal apertures. Because of this they can make images clearer and crisper but they can be inconvenient.
These types of lenses are perfect for larger landscapes and trying to capture larger scenes than normal. They can help to get an entire subject in the frame and have a larger depth of field because of the angle options.
Due to the large amount of data within the field of view ultra-wide lenses tend to distort perspective slightly by making distant objects appear even further away and close objects appear to be more pulled in.
An example of a type of ultra-wide lens is the fish eye which curves lines and makes tilings appear rounded and can help creativity with architecture, interior photography and landscapes
These particular lenses are a professional favorite because of their ability to provide an all-in-one factor. They are able to cover a range of focal lenses to do the work of a telephoto and wide lens so that you don’t have to carry them all around with you which is particularly useful if you are travelling or having to carry your equipment for a long period of time.
The downside to superzoom lenses is that you lose an element of photo quality and slight detail as it does the work of several lenses at once as they aren’t dedicated one way or the other. You will also find that these lenses are slower and depending on the model the maximum aperture can be varied.
Telephoto – In situations where you are unable to get close to the subject such as sports or wildlife photography, telephoto lenses provide the ability to compress a scene down to allow objects to appear closer. They do this thanks to their narrow angle of view and are helpful when trying to get good focus or detail on subjects that are further away.
When dealing with lenses it is also important to consider the size and weight of the lens, particularly if you are more mobile and need to change and adjust them. Larger, more pricy lenses may also require specialist stands to help them focus correctly and may be too heavy to use on their